Types of solar panels to get the most out of the sun
Types of Solar panel to get the most out of the Sun Solar energy is the clean alternative par excellence for domestic use. Despite this, and the growth that is occurring around the world, ignorance about it is still widespread. This hinders its use by many of the people who could benefit from this renewable source. So that it does not happen to you, we stop at one of the basic elements of the gear to know the types of solar panels that exist and, thus, be able to make the most of clean energy.
Solar Panel System
Before you start thinking about installing a solar panel system, you must make sure that your house, more specifically your roof, is prepared for an installation of this type. Your roof must be in good condition; If you know that your roof needs to be repaired, then you must perform those repairs before installing any solar panel. Otherwise, you will have to remove and replace the panels during repairs or replacements in the future.
You should also make sure that there are no large areas of shade on most of the roof for most of the day, especially during the hours of greatest sunshine. The shadow prevents solar panels from operating at maximum efficiency.
Once you know that your roof is compatible, it is time to consider the type of solar panel that is most suitable for your home and what you want to use it for, generate electricity, heat water…
The classic: photo voltaic solar panel.
Where it is said, should be because, although these panels are the most popular, in extent of use and level of knowledge by the population in general, there is no single photo voltaic solar panel.
Before that, let’s start with the basics. The photo voltaic plates what they do is capture the energy that comes from the sun so that, from there, it becomes alternating current apt to feed the different equipment of the home. In this sense, it is important to bear in mind that, a solar panel of this type, by itself, will be worth little or nothing. This is so because the plates are only one of the necessary components for a domestic solar installation that, in addition, will need an inverter and, according to the use that is wanted to give it, storage batteries.
Those who are not yet involved in the world of clean energies, may not be aware that these are multipurpose. Thus, in addition to generating electricity, solar energy can be used to heat a house, heat a pool, or do the same with hot water (DHW). All the above, of course, as long as you have the proper installation. Which? That which, in front of the classic photo voltaic panels, goes to solar thermal panels or solar collectors. In this case, what is achieved is that the energy recovered from the sun is converted, not into electricity, but into usable heat for any of the uses listed. Although this is a universe in constant innovation, broadly solar collectors that can be found in the market are divided into three classes ranging from low temperature, to high. Between both, the collectors of average temperature, that manage to arrive at the 90 degrees by means of a cover that prevents losses of heat. Somewhat less, specifically 50 degrees, reach the low temperature thermal panels that, with that, would allow to take advantage of solar energy for home heating and to satisfy the needs of sanitary hot water. The same uses would be given to medium temperature collectors, which would be suitable for housing and commercial surfaces.
2 x 1: Hybrid solar panel
The Hybrid Solar panel to squeeze the best of one (the photo voltaic) and the best of the other (the thermal collector) arises the solar panel 2 × 1 or, as it is officially known, the hybrid solar panel. As its name suggests, in this case what is offered is a solution that combines the previous two to, in a single panel, capture energy from the sun to generate electricity and, also, to produce heat with which to heat the hot water or heat a house. Thus, the muscle of this type of panel is evident, because it promotes the two uses and, also, because it supposes a significant reduction of the space necessary for the installation.
This is so because when opting for this type of mixed panel goes from two installations, to one. Therefore, this alternative is ideal for those who want to get the most out of the sun, but have difficulties for it due to lack of space. In addition to home owners, they can also go to hybrid solar installations of any other facility (schools, hospitals, etc.). Also, these panels can be very suitable for industrial application. Does it hit? Which are not yet as widespread as solar photo voltaic modules and thermal collectors. However, little by little. In Spain, in fact, there are already initiatives under way to extend the use of this option, such as that of the Hybrid Solar Panel, which, when activated, promises an improvement in the performance of photo voltaic panels of up to 15%.